Erotic, unbridled, bold, crazy, scary, fairy-tale, poetic - all these are our fantasies. Some of them are embarrassed, others transform into useful things for life, and others make them their profession. But all agree on one thing: the ability to fantasize is useful when fantasy complements reality, and does not lead away from it. It turns out that there are a thousand and one ways to turn an illusion into reality. We talk about the five most effective.
What is fantasy?
Fantasy is a product of the work of the imagination, characterized by special strength, brightness, spontaneity and uniqueness of the created characters, paintings or images. This is a superconcentrate of ideas that stimulates cognition, awakens a keen interest in everything around and a desire to explore it all. Accordingly, the ability to fantasize is the ability to create in the imagination something new, implausible, unprecedented, impossible or untrue. Fortunately, the pantry of fantasy is inexhaustible.
Without fantasies, it would be difficult for a person to get along with reality or create it. After all, everything that surrounds us is the result of someone’s fiction embodied in materials, buildings, household appliances, transport, the Internet, books, and paintings - in everything. Fantasy as a quality of personality is necessary in any process, but is indispensable in creativity. Therefore, artists, writers, photographers, designers, dancers, stylists reverently cherish this ability. But more often they call it creativity.
But the ability to fantasize is not only useful to people of creativity. Fantasies, reservations, free associations, erroneous actions - all this is a direct road to the unconscious. And the unconscious is an object of study of psychology. It is not in vain that Sigmund Freud called fantasies “the facade of dreams,” which reflects hidden thoughts, secret desires, unfulfilled intentions. True, he reminded that it is necessary to distinguish them from reality.
And here lies the ambiguous benefits of imagination. On the one hand, the development of fantasy enhances the ability to create, extend, double reality. But on the other - this is a way to get away from her. Sometimes fantasies become a way of life, and somehow imperceptibly replace a significant part of it. And here you need to be careful.
Sometimes in someone’s address you can hear the reproach "You are completely devoid of imagination." In fact, people who are unable to fantasize do not exist. Just fantasies arise unconsciously. In Freud's psychoanalysis, they are explained in two ways: a) were originally formed in the unconscious, b) were formed in the mind, but fell into the unconscious due to repression.
- Pros. This key concept of psychoanalytic theory will help you learn a lot about yourself.
- Minuses. Left unattended, they can provoke mental and psychosomatic disorders.
Children's imagination is actively developing from the age of 3-3.5 years and has no boundaries. Children come up with imaginary friends, stories for games, new stories for their favorite characters from books or cartoons. So they learn the world, learn the correct behavior and communication in the real world, build psychological defense, and open creatively.
- Pros. Fantasy, aimed at creativity, help to reveal uniqueness and talent, relax and just have fun.
- Minuses. If the child is not explained the difference between fantasy and lies, he can grow up a pathological deceiver.
Innovation is not just a flight of fancy. This is a revolution that provides an opportunity to go beyond the correct answers and find a truly new solution. Thanks to a combination of imagination and scientific thinking, robotic surgeons appeared. mobile communications, bioprostheses, artificial intelligence, flexible smartphones, 3D printing and virtual reality.
- pros. In the world of innovation and creativity, new trends are expected - the techno-cities of the future, invulnerable quantum computers, 4D and 5D printing, trained robots, a new generation of unmanned vehicles.
The depth of the writer's imagination allows the reader to travel in time and space, penetrate the artistic world of heroes, and watch the exciting events of the past and future. Books bring so many wonderful things, knowledge, emotions, advice, adventures to readers that one can only enjoy such a rich imagination.
- pros. Reading is the form of relaxation that brings the greatest sense of happiness and satisfaction with life.
Sexologists have a joke: 90% of people indulge in sexual fantasies, and the remaining 10% simply do not admit it. A night with a former partner, sex with a celebrity or with a stranger, sexual games in nature or in an unfamiliar place - such erotic dreams help to "draw" a not too joyful picture of reality.
- Pros. Active fantasy on the topic of sex helps to loosen internal inhibitions, to express and realize repressed desires.
- Minuses. Too realistic and unfulfilled erotic fantasies can lead to sexual perversions. They also have a disruptive effect. Especially if partners are trying to embody them on the side.
Frightening neurotic fantasies provoke fears about a fictitious future. This may be an exaggerated fear of death, fears of a comet or home falling, fear of an incurable disease, perverted-obsessive desires. All of them have no reason here-and-now, but neurotic cause considerable discomfort.
- Minuses. Suffering, emotional instability, insecurity are part of the neurotic personality. A fixation on his terrible illusions poisons the life of the neurotic himself and everyone who is nearby.
What is escapism
Escapism is a synonym for the term “flight”, no matter where: to work, sex, art, healthy lifestyle, religion, to remote villages, to monasteries, to forums, games, intoxication or psychotropic substances. Against the background of such “hobbies”, flight to the fantasy world looks harmless. But this is at first glance.
The world invented by a fantasy mind looks more attractive than reality. It is he who saves the psyche from destruction. But gradually, such "games of the mind" replace the real world with a fictional one. Along with the weakening of the border between illusion and reality, self-control is lost, the feeling of responsibility for one’s life, the desire to correct something, to achieve something disappears. So you can degrade, slide into a psychosis or provoke a personality disorder. And this is a diagnosis.
What to do in such a situation? Stand back and look at her from the side. In fact, an invented illusion becomes a powerful driving force only if it induces action. It is important to distinguish between different forms of fantasy:
- Sweet dreams are akin to "pink glasses" in which there is no place for reality - this is an unkind sign.
- Fantasy, which enhances energy, moves forward - this is useful.
There is another secret: turning fantasy into reality is much more fun than just fantasizing about anything.
1. Listen to yourself, whose dream are we going to realize?
Many probably heard from their parents the phrase: "You will fulfill my dream." But if only everything ended with this. Teachers, executives, advertising, social networks, the media suggest how to live. It seems that everyone except us knows what we want from life. There are so many advisers from the side that their voices drown out the very inner voice that comes from the heart and tells us about our dreams.
What to do? To want your own and not start any action until your desires are formulated very clearly.
2. Correct wording - 90% of the case
Often a fulfilled dream disappoints. And all because it is formulated incorrectly. And the main mistake is orientation to external signs. Therefore, the abstract “high salary”, “big love”, “beautiful figure” does not work. When these dreams do not have their own understanding, specifics, details, then they do not give energy for realization.
What to do? Concretize until the dream becomes literally tangible. One that is about to be felt. The opportunity to hold your dream will bring a lot of pleasure and joy, they in turn will provide energy that can be invested in the business.
3. Learn from successful entrepreneurs
The realization of a dream does not have a universal recipe or formula. But there are stories of entrepreneurs who are taught to dream 100% and be successful. For example, in his books, billionaire Richard Branson advises planning ahead for a dream. Other celebrities and businessmen have their secrets. Books are also valuable in that they tell not only about victories, but also about mistakes. And this is a much more valuable experience.
What to do? Make a list of celebrity books that are closest in spirit or simply delight in their business qualities. Develop the necessary character traits, habits, and, of course, test them in action.
4. Go to the goal without turning, otherwise you can waste all your strength
According to statistics, a person is distracted from tasks 200 times during the day. Distract gadgets, phone calls, colleagues, relatives and friends. In addition, we keep in mind hundreds of cases, projects and plans. When we try to solve all problems at once, we switch from one business to another, we cannot focus and waste most of our energy.
What to do? Learning to say no. The inability to refuse someone plays into the hands of the petitioner, but distracts from the main thing - from the realization of a dream. The same goes for personal files. Sometimes “no” you have to say procrastination, social networks, unplanned coffee breaks, unnecessary conversations.
5. Reality - from the word realize
As Oprah Winfrey said, “Whatever your goal, you can achieve it if you are ready to work.” And until we begin to realize a dream, it remains a fantasy.
What to do? To begin with, check the dream for adequacy. When the conviction comes that it is reasonable, achievable, safe for others - to act. Only switching from the “i dream to do"To install"i do"Makes it possible to turn from a dreamer into a winner.
- Fantasy does not tolerate restrictions or barriers and creates concepts that do not exist in reality.
- The danger of escapism is not in fantasies, not in their diversity and content, but in the loss of the border of two worlds: invented and real.
- Work, study and work again - this is probably the universal advice for visionaries.
What are fantasies?
We will not beat around the bush and immediately understand the interpretation that gives us a dictionary. According to him, fantasy is a thought process through which a person is able to imagine in his head various places and objects that do not exist in reality.
Fantasies can be created both consciously and unconsciously. And if in the first case a person is the master of his imagination, then in the second he can be completely absorbed by it. For example, some mental disorders are associated with the fact that a person completely switches from the real world to the illusory.
Imagination and fantasy: what is the difference between them?
Well, let's start with what imagination is. According to the psychological dictionary, this is the ability of the mind to model certain situations. For example, to plan the daily routine, build logical and illogical chains, restore pictures of past years, and so on. Simply put, imagination is considered to be all thought processes that are displayed in the form of images.
Then what is fantasy? These are the same images, but absolutely not related to personal experience. After all, if imagination is the manipulation of any information, then fantasy is something unreal.
Here is a simple example: the memory of a cat sitting on a tree is an imagination, while the image of a pink cat floating freely in the sky is already a fantasy. Based on this, it is safe to say that fantasies are part of the human imagination. But at the same time they obey certain laws, because of which they are distinguished as a special category.
Why do you need fantasies?
What is more important is why a person needs imagination. Why does the human subconscious create images that simply do not exist in reality?
In order to understand this, let us turn our eyes to such a category of people as artists. Undoubtedly, many of them are realists and depict ordinary landscapes, portraits and still lifes in their paintings. But there are those whose canvases are a complete mystery, because they depict characters and figures hitherto unknown to man. And such works greatly captivate the audience, because they are able to open the door for people to an unknown space.
Moreover, fantasy is not only important for artists. The same writers, designers and musicians are not able to do without it. So this property of our brain is extremely important for people in creative professions. But now the following question arises: how to fantasize? More precisely, how to make your brain regularly come up with new images?
How to develop the ability to fantasize?
Developing creative abilities is best in childhood, as during this period the mind is most malleable for learning. But even in adulthood, you can improve your imagination skills, for this you should use the following techniques.
- Mental exercises should be performed several times a day. In this case, you need to imagine objects and places that in reality do not exist.
- The ideal way to develop your imagination is to draw. As in the previous version, you first need to focus on fictional images. For example, you can draw non-existent animals, crossing among themselves very real species.
- Another good way is to replace properties. For example, take the remote control from the TV as a basis and come up with a number of fantastic possibilities: time management, switching emotions, teleportation, and so on.
Using these techniques, you can quickly increase your fantasy skills. And if your work is related to creativity, then such a practice will sooner or later help to achieve general recognition.