The main reason that they decide to have a pet is the pleasure of communicating with him. Moreover, sometimes communication consists only in the ability to observe a beautiful and dexterous beast, to study its habits and to have round-the-clock access to it. Perhaps, such motives are recognized by every lover of spiders or - an arachnophile. If you first decided to have a spider, a tarantula will be a good candidate. Thanks to horror films of the 90s, this view is known to everyone who does not even know zoology. Let's get to know this famous and very cute animal closer and figure out how to care for it, and what the future owner needs to prepare for.
Description and price of the insect
Tarantulas belong to the family of so-called wolf spiders (Lycos>
The body of a spider consists of the following segments:
- cephalothorax, from which 8 limbs depart, two pairs on each side of the body. In the head area are eyes and a pair of fangs,
- the abdomen in which the internal organs of the spider are located.
The average life span of a male is 1.5-2 years, while females live about 30 years.
This species cannot be called one of the most prominent representatives of the family, but they are completely unpretentious and well suited for beginners.
From 2 to 28 dollars - this is the price of these animals. Despite the exotic, the tarantula is quite inexpensive. A young 3-4 month old spider can be purchased for 1-2 dollars, and how much the breeder asks for a grown animal depends on the following parameters:
- the size,
- taming rate
Temperament means the attitude of a spider to a person, the degree of his aggression, the desire to "communicate". The maximum price declared on the Internet, within 28 dollars.
Types of Tarantulas
According to a scientific source, the genus of tarantulas unites 200 species. All of them have a different temperament and look completely different, but more than others, the following five species have taken root next to a person:
- Apulian tarantula. This species is one of the largest, the body length of adults reaches 7 cm. Females look more representative and larger than males - they have a red belly, dark cephalothorax and lighter spotted legs, males are painted in light gray with dark marks throughout the body. The life of representatives of this species is very short and is 2-3 years for males and 3-4 years for females,
- South Russian tarantula. This 3.5-cm spider inhabits the steppes of Russia and Ukraine and is popularly nicknamed "misgir". In addition to accessibility, the spider is distinguished by its unpretentiousness in care, therefore it is often chosen by those who had no previous experience in handling such animals. The color depends on the region of residence and varies from light brown to reddish-brown, and a dark “hat” adorns their head. Life expectancy is 4-5 years,
- spanish tarantula. Body length about 7 cm. The abdomen of females is painted in red color, dark and light stripes pass along the abdomen. Males are painted in dark gray. The life expectancy of females is more than 5 years, males live only 2 years and participate in breeding only once,
- Brazilian tarantula. It lives in South America, Uruguay, Paraguay. Body length without legs is 3 cm, the body is painted in a deep brown color, and a lighter strip passes along, from the head to the end of the abdomen.
- Antilles pink-footed tarantula. The length of the body reaches 6-8 cm, the paw span is 16-18 cm. Throughout life, the spider changes color: young spiders are colored light blue before puberty, which changes to brown as they grow older, and eventually purple. This species has a very calm and friendly temperament, but rather whimsical to care for. Among other advantages, this spider belongs to centenarians - females live about 15 years. Life expectancy for males is 2-3 years.
Spider at home: the pros and cons
I immediately want to make adjustments and replace the word cons / pluses with features. After all, hardly anyone chooses between a spider and, for example, a dog. Below will be collected the subjective impressions of the owners of the tarantulas, who told us what they like about their pets and what is annoying.
- Do not tie to a place. Perhaps you already know that the initiator of "communication" in a human vs spider relationship is always the first. A spider can do very well without your company, if only for a lifetime,
- Do not take up much space. The terrarium for the spider should be twice as large as the body of the spider. Large containers force the animals to seek additional shelter inside the terrarium, in which they spend all their time depriving the owners of the pleasure of admiring them,
- Eating once every 1.5-2 months. Adult tarantulas need to be fed with just such a frequency.
- Undemanding to conditions. The necessary ammunition for the full content of the spider is a small terrarium and a substrate for orchids for bedding.
- Cheap. Spider maintenance costs an average of $ 3-5 per two months. Depending on the cost of the insects that you will feed it.
- Plush, pleasant to the touch.
- You can take cool photos for avatars.
- Sometimes they run away. It happens that spiders get out of their boxes and travel around the house, at the risk of being crushed.
- Bad character. Some spiders flatly abandon human hands. This must be taken into account from the very beginning and check the contact of the animal.
- Sometimes they bite. Such cases also occur, but, according to breeders, all this is due to inept handling. So get a briefing.
- Poisonous. All tarantulas are poisonous, the difference is only in the strength of the toxin. The bite of some species is more like a hornet and is not dangerous to humans, while the bite of others can cause loss of consciousness and cramps.
Sizes and volume
The terrarium should imitate the natural spider shelter. Therefore, we must first decide what exactly we are going to imitate - the mink itself or the open space with the mink. In the first case, the size of the terrarium should be two times the body of the spider itself, no more. If the box is too spacious and there will be no additional shelter, the spider will feel uncomfortable and be in constant stress. If you decide to choose a large terrarium, make sure that there is another, smaller shelter inside, where the animal can hide.
Speaking of the materials from which the box will be made, plastic and glass are equally suitable. It is worth noting that tarantulas live perfectly even in breakfast containers. Breeders are especially fond of this option for reliable latches that will prevent the spider from escaping from boxing.
The average room temperature of the living room at +23 is also suitable for tarantulas. +25 ° C. But at a higher temperature (+25. +30 ° С) spiders grow more intensively and reach large sizes, earlier they become sexually mature.
Spiders feel great in the most Spartan conditions - a substrate for orchids as a bedding and periodic spraying to maintain humidity, but you can arrange an "apartment" more interesting:
- Hygrometer. Problems with the temperature regime usually do not arise, but air humidity is no less important. To track the parameter, you can purchase a hygrometer, the device will measure the temperature and humidity in the terrarium. Such a device costs 7-8 dollars.
- Castle for the terrarium. The solution for runaway spiders. The cost is about 4-5 dollars.
- Sprayers. Used to maintain moisture in the terrarium.
What to eat and how to feed the tarantula
Tarantulas are predators that feed on large insects. At home, spiders are fed live crickets, cockroaches, larvae. When choosing food, you need to ensure that the prey is not larger than the predator itself, since spiders are very voracious and, trying to absorb too much food, can harm themselves, for example, their abdomen may burst. The younger the animal - the more often it eats. At the age of 1-2 years, the spider molts every 3 weeks, so you need to feed it as often. In the future, growth slows down and 3-5-year-old animals are enough to feed once every 1.5-2 months.
Is a bite dangerous?
All types of tarantulas, to one degree or another, are poisonous, but the toxicity level of their poison strongly depends on the type of spider, age, gender and season. The most toxic are considered adult, sexually mature females (over 5 years old) of large species during mating and oviposition. In all tarantulas, the toxicity of the poison increases from March to June and decreases rapidly, starting in September. Usually, tarantula venom is no more dangerous for a person than wasp or hornet venom - redness and swelling appear on the site of the bite, symptoms disappear on their own, and there is no specific antidote.
In especially severe cases, there may be dizziness, nausea, and weakness. Such manifestations also pass independently or are accompanied by symptomatic treatment. A separate case - an allergy to a toxin - in such a situation, you must urgently consult a doctor or call an ambulance.
Is it possible to propagate
Sexual maturity in females occurs 1.5-2 years later than in males. If for males it is 1.5-2 years, for females - 4-5 years. The mating period begins at the end of summer. After mating, the male usually dies, and the female begins to prepare for wintering. Tarantula females lay their eggs and place them in a silk cocoon that attaches to the outside of the abdomen. "Bearing" lasts 40-50 days. During this period, in natural conditions, the female tries to be more likely to be in the sun to speed up the incubation process, at home it is worth raising the temperature in the terrarium to +30. +32 ° C.
In clutch there can be from 50 to 500 eggs. After the incubation period is over, the little spiders remain with their mother for a month, sometimes covering her whole body. After the expiration of a month, the babies leave the female and begin to lead an adult lifestyle. There are times when the female herself chases the young out or even eats some part of it, so the babies need to be weaned on time.
Well, now you have the necessary knowledge on how to properly maintain the tarantula at home, even if this knowledge will be useful to you, and remember: we are responsible for those who have tamed.
How to choose a tarantula for home maintenance
If this is your first time trying to contain a tarantula, worth starting with one individual. For the first experiment, it is recommended to start unpretentious and non-aggressive spiders. When choosing, pay attention to the following points.
- Life span. If you want to have a pet for a long time, it is very important to know its life span. Information can be obtained from the staff of the pet store.
- Sizes of an individual should be optimal for placement at home.
REFERENCE! Spider-wolves, to which the tarantula belongs, are large. The average span of their paws can reach a length of up to 30 cm. Therefore, for their placement, a terrarium of 180 liters may be required.
- Features of care and maintenance. This criterion depends on the natural habitat from which the species was introduced. For a start, you should have South Russian spiders. Representatives of this species are extremely unpretentious and do not require special attention. In the future, you can purchase exotic options, for example, tarantula Goliath or cobalt tarantula.
- Check for injuries and related documentation.indicating the absence of diseases in the individual.
- Choose the best-priced tarantula. For starters, an excellent option would be inexpensive species, the cost of which reaches 700 rubles.
After you learn how to care for one pet, you can increase the number of special. And even buy some exotic species for a change. Some spiders are distinguished by their beauty and expressive appearance.
IMPORTANT! It is best to buy a female, as she is larger in size and lives much longer than males. In some species, life expectancy is up to 30 years.
It is very important to properly arrange places for future pet accommodation.
Choose the dimensions of the terrarium based on the size of the animal.
IMPORTANT! The length of the wall should be equal to twice the length of the body of the spider.
So, with a size of 15 cm it is worth picking a box of 30 × 30 × 30, if you wish, you can take more.
For a filler, peat is a great option. Periodically, it must be moistened with water to maintain the required level of humidity.
IMPORTANT! It is forbidden to use a mixture of sawdust, especially coniferous trees, as a lining.
Promptly clean the cage in time. For this once a month, it is necessary to move the pet into a glass jar for the time of cleaning. While he is not there, using ordinary water, completely rinse his home, remove particles of food and change the lining of peat.
Feeding at home
Particular attention should be paid to the process of feeding the tarantula. To do this, use the following rules.
- For feed use grasshoppers, crickets, cockroaches, even small mammals.
IMPORTANT! It is strictly contraindicated to feed the animal with insects from the street! They can carry various diseases.
- It is enough to feed an adult once a week. With more frequent feeding, complications can occur.
- Once a month, vitamins and minerals should be added to the feed..
- During molting and 3 days after it, you should not feed the spider.
How to handle a tarantula at home
Any animal loves care and affection. Spiders are no exception! Follow all the described care and maintenance tips so that the animal repays you with its gratitude.
Do not cause aggression and show an open hostile attitude. This may not please the tarantula.
As a predator, a spider can bite your hand.
IMPORTANT! The poison does not have a lethal effect, but can cause discomfort, as with a bee sting.
Observe safety precautions, wear personal protective equipment when working in a cage.