If you often run into our site, in this article you will not find anything new for yourself, I decided to devote this article to those who are new to us and who first decided to plunge into the magnificent and, at first glance, confused world of photography. My friends often asked me: where to start my training in this great art, naturally, I gave them links to my blog, though these were single links that did not give a complete picture, and it was too lazy to shovel the whole blog. In this article, I will put everything together, I will make a guide for a newbie to our blog. And if, suddenly, your annoying acquaintances will get you with the same question - just give a link to this article, with the parting words - “May the Extract be with you”.
First of all, I would like to start by asking, what is photography? Photography is an art, the art of painting with light. A good professional photo from a bad one can always be distinguished by lighting, it does not have to be a professional studio light, it can simply be a correctly selected angle and shooting time, in which natural light will show its best. Therefore, no matter what you photographIt’s important that you take pictures and how you do it. You can take pictures with anything, even with a mobile phone, it would be a desire and skill. Nevertheless, a good professional technique will make your life easier - why buy a DSLR, and ours recommendations facilitate your choice of photographic equipment.
After you have a camera, you need to learn how to use it. Whether it's a reflex camera (how to use a reflex camera) or an ordinary soap box, you need to understand what your camera is capable of, based on this, configure and make decisions in a particular situation. For example, you cannot make a portrait with a good depth of field on an ordinary soap dish, but you can play with other trump cards, composition or take a picture with mood.
To understand how your camera works, you need to understand and learn each button, each lever and each function, only in this way you will learn how to use them correctly and at the right time. The first and most common question for which a beginner is looking for an answer: in what mode to photograph? To answer this question you, firstly, you must know what is shutter speed and aperture - the ability to handle the shutter speed correctly will help you take beautiful pictures of the fireworks, and you will fall in love with the aperture when you start taking pictures of the models, and secondly, what is exposition and how to correct it.
The next important step for you should be the values ISO or photosensitivity matrix. You must understand that a good landscape cannot be photographed at high ISO, due to the noise in the photograph. Therefore, at night it is better to take pictures from a tripod or from an emphasis, for example, some parapet or border. At the same time, if your object does not stand still, and the shutter speed is too long, you need to raise the ISO so as not to blur the frame, for example, when you photograph children who snoop around and get blurry in the photo.
If you are photographing a sunset or just indoors, but without a flash, you need to remember white balance. This is the most important function that will allow you to avoid the blue, yellow and other color defects in the photo. On an expensive SLR camera, you can always set the white balance correctly.
When the lighting is too complicated or simply not enough, you need to learn flash photography. Remember that the built-in flash is suitable only to remove the shadows on the face during back-up shooting or in harsh daylight, do not try to take pictures with the built-in flash indoors, it gives: a glare on the face and an unpleasant shadow in the background.
Each lens has its own characteristics, if you suddenly do not know what all these letters on your lens mean, read about the marking: Nikon and Canon lenses. The most important parameter of the lens, which most affects its price, is aperture. Before you spend an extra thousand green tugriks on another fast lens, figure it out if you need it, whether you want to take pictures with a good depth of field or if you need everything to be in focus, and, accordingly, you can save money on photo equipment.
In case your photos are blurry, do not rush to blame your SLR camera or lens for everything, maybe you are doing something on this and you need to practice more.
Don't forget about chromatic aberrationsthat may appear when the sun hits your frame, diffraction - which spoils sharpness during macro photography and distortion with wide angle lenses. Knowing and understanding these physical phenomena will make you even stronger in photography.
Remember about filters. Protective filter protects your lens from unexpected scratches and water, with gradient filter - photographing sunsets and sunrises is a pleasure, and polarik simply indispensable for a chic blue sky in sunny weather.
If you know these 10 lessons, you will already begin to understand everything yourself, but just in case, here is a list of articles that may be useful to you in your training:
How to understand how good your photo is?
If we talk about technology, you can make a beautiful photo with anything, even if you have a telephone with only a 1 megapixel camera in your arsenal, the desire to learn is what really matters. Although professional photo equipment will make your life much easier.
And now, you have a brand new pretty camera with a bunch of buttons that you can’t wait to figure out. You must understand what your camera can do, what are its advantages and how you can use them advantageously. For example, a suitable portrait with excellent depth of field cannot be done with a soap box, but you can quite convey the mood of the picture and composition.
1. What is exposure?
Roughly speaking, exposure is the amount of light that the camera’s matrix receives. Or a film that you are unlikely to use at all. And exposure is the very process of exposure. And the amount of light depends on the exposure time and the level of illumination, which is controlled by shutter speed, aperture and sensitivity of the matrix. In order to make it easier for you to understand the difference in exposure - remember the concept of "step".
2. What is exposure?
Exposure in photography has nothing to do with calm and tolerance. This is the length of time during which the shutter is open and light hits the matrix. In most cases, the shutter speed is very short and is measured in seconds and fractions of a second. On the camera screen, a value of 60 corresponds to 1/60 of a second. In general, there is a standard series of excerpts in increments of one step: 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000, 1/4000 s. Each next step reduces the amount of light entering the matrix by half. Four times is two steps. Eight times - three steps, and so on.
Short, medium, and slow shutter speeds
Each camera has a shutter speed range. In general, the shortest shutter speed is 1/4000 second and the longest is 30 seconds. You can shoot with your hands at fairly short shutter speeds (of the order of 1/100, 1/200 second and shorter), and a tripod is already needed for shutter speeds measured in seconds (or even for 1/10 second). Without a tripod, the natural trembling of hands, which is characteristic of all people without exception, will make the frame blurry, blurry. However, you should not think that a short shutter speed is definitely good, and a long shutter speed is certainly bad. No, different shutter speeds are needed for different purposes. It all depends on the specific conditions and genre of shooting.
How to learn to photograph professionally?
Tip number 1. The first thing to do is to study in detail the instructions for your unit. You need to understand all the functions, find out what each button is for and what will happen if you spin the wheel. The most common question for beginners is: what mode should be used to take professional photos? Alas and ah, but one regimen for all occasions does not exist. In order to learn how to take cool pictures, you need to become more familiar with shutter speed and aperture. Acquaintance with exposure promises you magical pictures of the night city, and you will fall in love with the diaphragm when you start shooting people.
Tip number 2. The next important aspect that you must master is the ISO value (matrix photosensitivity). You need to understand that you can not capture a beautiful landscape at high ISO values: noises will certainly arise. At night, it is advisable to photograph from the stop or from a tripod. And if the subject is in motion, and the shutter speed is nowhere longer, then the ISO is best slightly raised so that the frame does not blur. For shooting restless children and animals.
Tip number 3. The lens is also an important component of photography. It is not difficult to guess that each lens has individual characteristics that somehow affect the final result. If you do not know what the letters on your lens mean (what a shame), then immediately begin to study the markings. The main parameter of any lens that most affects its value is the aperture ratio. Before you spend extra money on another lens, see if you really need it. Do you want to plunge into the mysterious depth of field or just enjoy the good focus? Knowledge is the power that will help protect your wallet from unnecessary acquisitions.
Tip number 4. In cases where there is insufficient lighting, you have to use a flash. Keep in mind that the flash already in the camera is suitable only for those cases when the main light source is located behind the subject or in hard daylight. Do not try to shoot with the built-in flash indoors, otherwise you are guaranteed to get a glare on the face and a not very beautiful shadow in the background. Although in order to achieve a certain mood of the image you can violate all the rules, the main thing is that the photo turns out “with the soul”.
Tip number 5. Do not ignore the white balance. The color rendering in your picture depends on this. If you want to take a picture of a sunset that can collect more than 100 likes, then learn how to properly configure this feature.
Tip number 6. If your photos are blurry, then do not immediately call your camera or lens unflattering words. Perhaps the whole thing is in you? Look what you're doing wrong, check the settings.
Tip number 7. Do not forget about the possible occurrence of chromatic aberrations, which like to fit into the frame with the sun. Also remember about diffraction, which can ruin sharpness in macro mode. Take into account distortion with wide-angle lenses. Googled all these phenomena and learn their definitions “by little”.
Tip number 8. Remember the filters. A filter with a gradient will allow you to get an incredible effect, a “polarizer” will show the true beauty of the blue sky, and a protective filter will be able to protect your lens from all kinds of scratches and water.
By following all these rules, you can easily take the “right” photo. Beauty depends on emotions, ideas, moods, fantasies: they can only be developed. Inspired by the work of other photographers, communicate with colleagues and, of course, learn.
In our school you will find courses in various areas of photography. You will not only learn how to make beautiful photographs, but also master retouching, professional equipment and many other useful things.
3. What is a diaphragm?
Aperture is a hole whose diameter can be adjusted and thereby change the amount of light entering the matrix. Shutter speed and aperture are the main exposure settings. Together, the shutter speed and aperture are collectively referred to as the exposure lens. For the diaphragm, there is also a standard series of values in steps of one step: 1.4, 2, 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11, 16. As with shutter speed, each step means halving the amount of light. The diaphragm is indicated by a fraction with a small f (f / 2.8) or a product with a large F (F2.8). Both options are correct.