As soon as you choose containers and the plants that you want to plant there, the next step will be the planting itself. The rules for planting in containers are almost the same as planting home plants in flower pots, but you need to take extra care for drainage so as not to flood the plants with water.
For the patio, the most various containers - large and small, of all shapes and sizes, made from various types of material. Some materials must be specially processed before plants can be planted in them.
Metal (including hoops on wooden barrels) must be treated with anti-rust compound, also not poisonous. It would probably be best to use a plastic insert in a metal container, since contact with the metal could damage the roots.
Clay pots including beautiful brownish red terracotta, you need to put in water for 24 hours before you start using them. If this is not done, then clay, which absorbs water very strongly, will draw out all the moisture that plants need from the soil.
Plastic, concrete, stone and glazed ceramic containers Do not need any processing.
Laying drainage material begins with a good layer of coarse crushed stone, such as large pieces of a broken pot, which will leave a large space for water. Then lay out the coarse gravel, then the smaller gravel. Finally, add a layer of medium-sized charcoal.
Grow in potted without drainage holes only annuals or plants that need to be replanted every year. Then there will be no problems when extracting plants from these containers. Never plant adult bushes and other plants in such containers that do not like to be disturbed.
In the pot with holes you need to put drainage material, but in this case you need to fill about one sixth of the height of the pot. Cover the holes with pieces of broken clay pots or ceramic tiles, then add a good layer of coarse gravel, and then a thin layer of large pieces of peat that will not allow the soil to wash out into the drainage layer. Naturally, there should be a space where excess water will flow out, so it would be nice to raise your capacity for plants on bricks or woodpiles.
The best compost for plants grown in containers is based on natural soil. It passes moisture more freely than peat, and is suitable for all perennials. The only exceptions are plants that do not like lime.
Camellias and Rhododendrons need special compost without lime. They can be planted in peat. Peat is also chosen for lightness compared to soil, because not every surface can support the weight of a heavy tank with soil.
Summer plants and bulbs Feel great in peat. In the section "Plants from A to Z" you can find out about the needs of each plant.
Choosing the right size
Almost always, the plants that you will plant in a pot or a barrel come from the store already in the container. You just put it in a pot and don't grow it from the start. If the plant is still small, then it will have to be transplanted into large containers until it reaches, say, 30 cm in diameter. After that, you need to transplant already in the barrel. Do not plant a small plant in a pot too large for it, then its roots will not be able to take all the moisture out of the soil and begin to rot.
How to determine the depth
The plant is first taken from an old pot. Compost should be wet. A well-moistened substrate facilitates work with the plant, as it retains the shape of the original container. Swipe the bottom of the pot with your palm to loosen its contact with the soil, then remove the plant with compost, holding it by the stem closer to the ground.
The soil surface level can be measured using a stick, which is placed vertically near the plant and the soil surface level is marked on the column. Use this stick-column as a measure of the depth to which you must plant the plant in a new pot. Do not forget to leave 13 mm on top for watering in a pot with a diameter of 15 cm and at least 2.5 cm for larger pots.
Fill a new pot to the top with compost. Using a hand-held scoop or fork, make a hole where you want to plant the plant. If you are planting a rooted bush, drop a handful of general fertilizer mixed with peat into the pit (or more if the hole and plant are very large). Peat provokes roots to sprout into it, and thereby the plant takes root in a new pot.
Shake off excess compost from the roots of the plant, if it sticks to the roots to form a lump, then carefully spread the roots, which will allow them to grow in a new container. Then carefully place the plant in the pit and make sure that it is standing straight.
Add compost around the edges, making sure the soil wakes up between the roots, and gently ram it with your fingers or fist. Continue to add compost, strengthening the soil, and check as you work that the plant is planted evenly enough and at the right depth, do not forget to leave a place for drainage. You can cover the ground with a layer of gravel from above - it looks attractive and retains moisture.
When planting seedlings, place drainage material in a pot and add to the top with appropriate compost.
Scoop up the holes and plant each plant separately. Always hold seedlings by the leaves.
Plant seedlings so that the soil level remains the same and gently take the soil at the roots.
Pour the seedlings and fill the container with appropriate compost. Using a wooden spatula, loosen the lump of earth in which the seedlings grow, and gently separate the plants.
Always hold seedlings by the leaves and never hold the stems. Using a special scoop to make holes, make a recess for each plant. Plant so that the soil level in the pot remains the same. Gently crush the soil.
Key features and rules for planting flowers
Beginning flower growers intensively collect information on how to properly plant and care for flowers at home. This is correct, but it is important to notice the features that will help plants develop favorably throughout their life stages.
All technology is divided into several stages, each of which has its pitfalls.
Rules for planting indoor flowering plants
Planting is necessary prepare correctly and collect inventory. First of all, this applies to pots, which should be of a suitable size. The capacity volume is selected depending on the type of plant and its root system. If the rhizomes grow by several centimeters, then an ordinary small pot with a volume of several liters is suitable, but there are plants in which the root system reaches several meters in length.
The second question, which is important to solve, concerns the place where the flower pot will be installed. It is important to pay attention not only to the area of the room. The amount of sunlight in the room and temperature conditions are very important. On the balconies, where the temperature regime jumps depending on the time of year, and the sun's rays hit several hours a day, light-loving plants are located, and instead of pots it is better to choose a cache-pot. To grow flowers indoors, they pick up pots, but in any case, you will have to take care of artificial light if natural sunlight does not break through windows or curtains.
Another important rule for preparing inventory relates to the drainage system. Usually flower growers choose chipped brick or expanded clay. Their throughput conditions do not hold fluid for a long time. Thus, water does not accumulate on the bottom of the pots, and this will protect the plants from the development of fungi, mold or rotting.
Correct planting technology includes soil selection. It is diverse and excommunicated mainly by the amount of clay and fertility. For each type of plant, a suitable type of soil is required, so at this stage it is important to make the right choice. Classic houseplants are undemanding and live in clay-turfy land, where compost is added as a useful substance, peat and some sand. In some cases, the soil is additionally fertilized with charcoal or organic, but this is not required if the soil already has a high level of fertility.
Sowing and planting takes place in several stages:
- First prepare the pot. A drainage system is laid out on the bottom, consisting of chipped brick, expanded clay, polystyrene or moss. These materials provide good air permeability and do not trap liquid in the soil.
- A layer of already fertilized and mixed soil is laid on the drainage system.
- The plant is installed vertically with the roots down in the pot and only then the remaining soil is covered. At this time, it is important to ensure that the root system is laid correctly, and the flower is level, because later this will determine its development and beauty.
- After the pot has been completely filled with soil, it is set in a permanent place. The soil is compacted and watered.
One of the features of planting is the wetting of the soil and root system. This method will allow the earth to stick to the root system, which means that the flower will be able to acclimatize faster and take root in a new place.
Planting seeds is similar to the technology described above. First, a layer of soil is poured out, seeds are laid that are sprinkled with the remaining fertilized and moistened soil. The only difference is that the surface of the pot is covered with glass or film. This will create a greenhouse effect that helps maintain the optimal moisture needed to grow the flower from the seeds.
Home Flower Care
We figured out how to plant flowers correctly at home. If you do everything right and take into account the nuances inherent in each type of plant, after a few months you can observe how the flowers are accepted and develop favorably. In the case of seeds, you have to wait a little longer, because they develop from scratch.
Landing - This is only the first stage of growing flowers at home. What follows is care, which is of no small importance.
After all, I would like not only to grow flowers, but also to bloom beautifully, and this requires an individual approach to each type of plant.
For example, exotic flowers, unlike the classical types, require regular watering, while cacti are adapted to endure drought for a long time, but at the same time require a large amount of natural light. Another rule of care is regular soil fertilization. Top dressing will be useful for any type of flower, regardless of what climate they are used to.
Sometimes, even with constant care, fading and death of flowers occurs. The reason for this is the development of diseases or insects that grind down the root system or green mass. It is especially important to delve into this issue and take the right actions to avoid the death of flowers. For example, you can apply continuous preventive spraying with water with the addition of universal protective preparations that not only protect the flowers from the development of diseases and insects, but also contribute to flowering.
What plants are better not to plant at home?
There are several dozen types of flowers that cannot be planted and grown at home, even if you create ideal natural conditions. The reasons may be different.
Some types of exotic plants secrete toxic juice that gets into the air. Such poison is dangerous for animals and people, so flowers with similar qualities are best avoided.
When buying seedlings for growing, you should inquire about the characteristics of the plant and ask whether it is safe to plant it at home.
They fall on poisonous flowers most often by accident, therefore it is better to study the list of common poisonous plants in advance:
- Dieffenbachia relatively safe. It is often used to decorate the interior, but the juice that is released when the stem is incised causes severe poisoning or burns to the skin.
- Mimosa bashful has an amazing ability to fold leaves into a straw at the slightest touch. This attracts many gardeners, but the fragrance that exudes this plant is dangerous to health. Poisonous odor leads to poisoning of the body. Prolonged toxicosis causes general poisoning and hair loss.
- Monstera often used as a decorative plant at home. She has no poisonous vapors, but juice, when it comes into contact with the skin, causes severe burns.
- Nightshade safe until flowering. Fruits of bright orange color are poisonous and cause severe poisoning. Therefore, it is better not to start such a flower at home if there are animals or children.
- Azalea popular around the world for its lush leaves, but there is one species that causes poisoning, cramps and colic in the stomach. This is alalia sims.
Planting and flower care on the example of hydrangea
How to plant a hydrangea flower? This question is asked by many flower growers, because it is one of the most popular flowers. The rules of planting and care repeats the instructions given in the article above, but this type of plant requires some features. Hydrangea should be planted only after preparing a place with favorable conditions for this plant. They love diffused and constant light, comfortable room temperature during flowering and the absence of drafts.
Even small temperature changes can worsen the condition of the flower. The only time when a flower likes a low temperature occurs after flowering.
Planting flowers only at first glance seems easy and simple. In fact, this matter should be approached, gaining at least a little experience, especially when it comes to exotic plants. Following the rules and instructions for planting and caring for plants, it is easy to achieve the desired result. The main thing is to monitor the growth and development of flowers, to prevent diseases and the appearance of insects that can destroy the plant.