In the life of every person quite often there is a need to use water completely purified from impurities. This water can be purchased at retail outlets, but it is much more profitable to prepare distilled water at home on your own.
This process does not require any special skills and equipment, but you can be sure of the quality of the product.
What is the difference between distilled liquid and water from a water supply system?
Water is the best solvent on our planet. A large number of various chemical elements dissolve in it.
The chemical formula of distilled water is no different from simple water. The difference is that if you distill water at home, it will be almost 100% free from impurities contained in it.
Auto and mototechnics
Owners of the equipment know how important it is for the battery to pour purified liquid into it in time to make up for the evaporated water.
Also, purified liquid is used in wipers and automotive cosmetics.
Since distilled water does not contain any impurities, it is the most suitable base in the preparation of cosmetics and cosmetics.
Important! Some people prefer to quench their thirst only with distilled water, since they believe that this will protect against infection. However, you need to understand that such water will not benefit the human body, because there are no trace elements in it.
If you dissolve mineral substances in purified water, then it is excellent for watering plants. Use distilled water for pouring into a home aquarium, you only need to add a neutralizer to it.
Pour such water into household appliances, which include:
- steam mops
- washing vacuum cleaners
This is done in order to extend their service life.
You can talk a lot about exactly in which areas you can use this liquid, but it’s worthwhile to figure out how to make distilled water yourself and not spend money on it.
Obtaining distilled water by evaporation
Before distillation, tap water must first be defended. It is collected in a container and, without closing the lid, is defended for 2-3 hours or more. During this time, chlorine evaporates from it, and metal impurities settle to the bottom.
Next, go to the evaporation. We fill half the enameled pan with the settled water and set it on fire. We put a stand in the water, which can serve as a grill from the oven or microwave. A deep cup, plate or bowl is placed on this stand, and the pan is covered with a lid. It is better to use a lid not of a flat shape, but of a conical shape, and place it with a bulge inside. When boiling, water begins to evaporate, condensation forms on the lid, which, dripping to the center of the conical lid, will drip directly into the cup. This is fully purified water, which can be used for any need. To speed up the evaporation process, you can put an ice pack on the lid of the pan.
You can also evaporate water using a kettle. A teapot filled with water is placed on a hot stove, and, shortly before boiling, a hose is put on its spout. The other end of the hose is placed in a container (jar, canister), which should be placed in a basin filled with cold water or ice. Not the fact that the thermal method of producing distilled water at home will be cheaper than in industrial. Can it still make sense to buy distilled water in a container of 5 liters and calculate the cost of self-production of the same 5 liters, taking into account the costs of electricity, packaging and printing?
Obtaining distilled water by freezing
It is possible to remove unnecessary impurities from water by freezing. This method has been known to people for a long time: earlier, with its help, it was possible to get clean water even from salty sea water. Today, applying this method is very simple - you just need a regular household refrigerator.
So, you need to take a bottle (glass or plastic), or another container, and completely fill it with pre-settled water. The container must be placed in the freezer compartment of the refrigerator. If you use a metal container, place a piece of paper under its bottom so that it does not freeze. After waiting for some of the water to freeze, the remaining part must be drained, since it contains impurities, salts and other undesirable inclusions. And the resulting ice must be thawed at a temperature of no higher than 25 degrees.
Frozen water dramatically changes its own structure, it can be used for cooking and for technical purposes. Such water should be stored in sealed containers, away from heating appliances and avoiding direct sunlight. The shelf life of distilled water is unlimited.
Features of preparation
Water is collected in a container and removed for sedimentation. It is impossible to close the lid and move the vessel, so you must immediately find a place where dirt and debris will not pour into the water.
This stage is necessary so that tap water is purified from hydrogen sulfide, chlorine, salts and other impurities. Some after a few hours disappear, while others settle to the bottom of the tank. It is advisable to let the water stand for at least 6 hours, and then gently drain the settled liquid.
Important! The longer the water settles, the better the final result.
There are several ways how to get high-quality distilled water at home.
Obtaining distilled water by natural methods
Distilled water should be completely devoid of even minor impurities. You can drink it, but there will be no benefit from it, because the human body needs mineral salts, which, like harmful additives, are removed from water during distillation. Another thing is a car battery, where it is necessary to top up with distilled water. Tap water contains chlorine, phosphorus, magnesium, which settle on the lead plates of the battery, making it more difficult and disruptive.
The easiest way to get clean water is to collect raindrops. Natural rainwater, provided that it is collected not in the center of the metropolis, but in an ecologically clean area, initially does not contain impurities. It is even possible to use it for drinking without boiling. Raindrops can be collected as follows: by placing in wet weather, in the open, one or more clean containers. After a day or two, rain water needs to be poured into a sterile container, where it will be stored for a long time.
In winter, it is possible to get clean water from the snow. To do this, you just need to collect snow in a clean container and wait until it completely melts. It is important to remember that only freshly fallen snow, which has not yet had time to absorb dust, dirt and debris, is collected from the environment.
In conclusion, we say that the methods for producing distilled water described here are basic. Other methods can complement and refine them. In fairness, it is worth saying that although distilled water is very pure, there is still a purer form - deionized water.
Method number 1 - boiling
For this method, it is necessary to pour settled water into a wide pan and put a bowl of heat-resistant material into it. The bowl should not turn over.
Then you need to put the pan on the fire and close the lid, turning it with the handle down. The lid should be convex.
When the water begins to boil, you need to reduce the fire so that it does not splash on the plate, but boils quietly. Pour ice on top of the lid.
Boiling water will turn into steam, which will settle on the lid. Since the lid is cooled by ice, condensation will form, which will drain onto a plate on a convex surface.
When a sufficient amount of liquid has collected in the vessel, it is extracted outside and allowed to cool. Distilled water is ready for use or further storage.
Method number 2 - collecting rainwater
Rain water is initially distilled and therefore you only need to collect it correctly.
- Prepare a large container (tank) in advance, make sure that it is clean. When it starts to rain, put the tank on the street and place it so that water does not flow into it from any objects - a tree, a roof, etc.
- When the rain ends, cover the container with a lid and put it in a secluded place where no one will move it. Let the sediment settle for several days.
- Pour the settled water into clean bottles.
Method number 3 - freezing
You can get purified water by the method of partial freezing.
To do this, follow these steps:
- Fill a clean vessel with water and place it in the freezer. In winter, you can just put it on the street.
- Watch how the liquid freezes and when there is 50 - 70% of the ice in the vessel, it must be removed. The remaining muddy water must be poured.
- Let the ice melt and pure distilled water is ready.
The main thing in this method is not to allow all the liquid in the tank to freeze, otherwise you will have to start all over again.
Interesting! Pure water freezes faster than that which contains impurities.
The video shows a method of water purification by freezing:
These are the easiest methods of obtaining water without any impurities, but there are others.
Videos are other ways to make distilled water at home. And also how to check bought in a store:
If someone is thinking where to get pure distilled water, then using these methods you can get it without spending much effort and time. Choose the method you like and follow the tips and tricks.
The method of obtaining distilled water using heat
When water boils, steam rises into the atmosphere - water in a gaseous state, devoid of salts and other impurities remaining in the boiling tank. In the absence of fresh water, sea water that has undergone a distillation process will save the situation. The problem of obtaining distilled water is solved by cooling water vapor and precipitating the resulting moisture in another container in a variety of ways.
A glass jar is installed over the spout of a teapot boiling over moderate heat, filled with water to the holes (less than half). The steam entering it cools, condenses on the walls and flows down. Under the jar, it is enough to install an enameled (aluminum, ceramic, glass or stainless steel) bowl or pan. The liquid collected will be the distillate.
It is impossible to use galvanized metal containers for distilled water; it is better to replace aluminum dishes with enameled ones.
Another, no less simple method, has been known since ancient times and is based on the "grandfather" method of distilling moonshine. The process is called “on the cup” and consists of placing a small bowl on the bottom of a large pot, tightly covered with a bowl of cold water and standing on a fire. Water in a large pan boils, steam rises, condenses at the bottom of the basin and flows into a bowl. The diameter of the condensate collection bowl should be larger than the diameter of the bottom of the basin.
The method of obtaining distilled water using cold
Freezing harmful impurities and unnecessary salts is a very popular method used by many proponents of a healthy lifestyle. To get the desired result, any household refrigerator is perfect.
Settled or boiled tap or spring water is placed in the freezer of the refrigerator. After some time, after the appearance of the first ice, a container of water is removed from the freezer. The unfrozen fraction is poured into another container, and the ice formed is discarded. When the water which is again placed in the cold freezes to half (up to two thirds of the volume is possible), the remaining liquid part becomes unnecessary. The resulting ice after melting will turn into a product that is very close in properties to distilled water.
If you are far from civilization in winter - roads, factories, firecrackers and other pollutants of the surrounding atmosphere - pay attention to snow. White pure snow when melted will turn into water, in the absence of salts approaching distilled. But rainwater does not have such a level of purity.
What is distilled water?
Distilled water has the same chemical formula as ordinary: H2O. Its main difference from tap water in the minimum content of all kinds of foreign substances - chemicals, salts, solid particles, minerals, etc. In fact, distilled water can be considered almost perfectly pure.
Areas of use
Distilled water is used for many purposes. It is incredibly important for some industries that use precision equipment. Cleaning such tools with tap water over time leads to plaque, because some of the minerals contained in it tend to form a precipitate. Plaque causes corrosion of the material and, therefore, reduces the efficiency of the equipment.
The distillate is also widely used in scientific laboratories - for example, for research or cleaning tubes. Thanks to him, scientists reduce the likelihood of distortion of the results to a minimum.
This is interesting: It is no secret that many household appliances also work better if distilled water is used. Among them are irons, humidifiers, steam cleaners, etc.
Finally, the distillate is used in everyday life, and not only for drinking. Too often, drinking distilled water is generally not recommended, because it is believed that it flushes out useful minerals from the body. They can water plants, fill aquariums (though, in this case, some chemical compounds need to be added to it).
Method 1: Boil
Condensed water vapor is known to be distilled water. Therefore, in the first two proposed methods, we will deal with the collection of condensate. Let's talk about the first method:
- Prepare a large stainless steel pan with a capacity of 15-25 liters. Fill it with usually half tap water. Put it on fire.
- From above, lower a bowl of heat-resistant glass onto the water. She should swim in a large pan without touching her bottom. If the glass bowl is sinking, you should take it out and put the usual rounded wire rack for the oven at the bottom of the large pan. Place a bowl on top of it. Cover the large pot with a lid.
- You will notice that little droplets of water gather on the walls of the bowl. Make sure that the water in the large pan is hot, but not boiling. Turn off the hob if necessary.
- Turn the lid of a large pan upside down. Pour ice into it. The so-called cold barrier will help you speed up the condensation process. When hot steam comes in contact with the chilled lid, it will quickly turn into water droplets.
- Increase the heat and bring the water to a boil. Droplets will constantly form on the bottom of the inverted lid, dripping into a glass bowl.Wait until the amount of water you need is drawn in the bowl.
- Turn off the heat and lift the pan lid.
- Take out the glass bowl. All distilled water is in it. Be careful, because the bowl can be very hot.
- Wait for the distilled water to cool. After that, you can immediately use it or send it for storage.
Method 2: Distillation Using Two Bottles
If you do not have a suitable glass bowl, do not despair. You can distill water by another method:
- Prepare two clean glass bottles. Ideally, at least one of them should have a curved neck. This will prevent the distillate from getting into another bottle.
- Put some water in the first bottle. Leave the top 12-14 centimeters of capacity free. Its level should not reach the top of the neck by about 12-14 centimeters.
- Connect the necks of the bottles by tightly wrapping them to each other with tape as shown.
- Fill a large pot with a capacity of 20 liters with plain tap water and put it on fire. Wait until it boils. Note: there is no need to fill the pan with water to the brim. It will be enough if it covers the filled bottle to the level of the liquid contained in it.
- Bend the bottle holder by about 30 degrees, holding the top empty container above the outside of the pan. This tilt angle will facilitate and speed up the process of collecting distilled water.
- Place an ice pack on top of the empty bottle on the outside of the pan. It will contribute to the process of condensation of water vapor in a refrigerated container.
- Continue collecting condensate until you have accumulated enough water in the top bottle.
Method 3: Collect Rainwater
Rainwater is distilled. So you just need to collect it.
- When it rains, take a large container (such as a tank) to the street. Do not forget to clean it from any contaminants first. Make sure that the container is located in the open. It should not drain water from a tree or, for example, from a roof.
- Cover the container with a clean lid and let the water brew for 1-2 days.
- Pour water into clean vessels.
Method 4: Freeze
In order to make distillate, you can use the method of freezing. We will tell you more about it:
- Fill a clean ice mold or other container with tap water. Place it in the freezer.
- When approximately 50% of the liquid freezes, remove and thaw the ice. This will be pure distilled water. Pour the remaining dregs. It will contain all harmful impurities and chemicals.
This is interesting: This method is based on the principle that pure water freezes faster than containing impurities.
By the way, in winter you can simply put a bottle of water outside. You get distillate and save energy. The main thing is not to freeze all the water in the bottle.
As you can see, there is nothing difficult in obtaining distilled water at home. Just select the method that you liked most and follow the step by step instructions. The distillate can be used in everyday life for various purposes: for filling irons or humidifiers, watering plants or even drinking.