Women suffering from vaginal infections know that the symptoms of such infections are itching, burning, and changes in color, smell, and sometimes the consistency of vaginal discharge. However, there are different types of vaginal infections, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and other diseases whose symptoms are similar to those of vaginal infections. Therefore, if you notice symptoms of a vaginal infection, it is important to consult a doctor to make the correct diagnosis. Some women who suffer from recurring vaginal infections, such as yeast vaginosis (thrush) or bacterial vaginosis (BV), prefer to treat these infections without the use of medication.
Advantages and disadvantages of vaginal suppositories
Preparations for the treatment of gynecological pathologies are available in various forms. Suppositories are drugs for local treatment. They are used as the main therapy and to relieve acute symptoms.
The main advantages of vaginal suppositories are:
- Local effects on the lesion and mucosa
- When absorbed into the mucosa, the concentration of the active component practically does not decrease
- The treating substance penetrates the blood very quickly, after half an hour, a concentration accumulates in it, which has a therapeutic effect
- Active components are not processed in the kidneys and in the liver, which significantly reduces the load on these organs
- Do not reduce the body's immune defense
- Using them is simple and convenient.
- Do not cause complex allergic reactions
- Additional components in the form of oils and fats contribute to the long-term retention of the drug on the vaginal mucosa
Like any medication, vaginal suppositories also have some disadvantages:
- Candles can not always be used in the presence of diabetes mellitus of any type, hypertension, impaired thyroid function
- There is no universal suppository, each composition is designed for a separate disease
- Suppositories include pharmacological and natural ingredients that can cause a local allergic reaction
- When melting, a small amount of emulsion may leak and stain underwear.
To obtain the maximum effect, one should not only take into account the advantages and disadvantages of the drug, but also use a high-quality drug. Vaginal suppositories must be purchased exclusively in pharmacies. In them, candles are stored in appropriate conditions, which fully preserves their therapeutic properties.
Types of vaginal suppositories and their use
Suppositories for gynecological diseases are widely used both as independent therapy and are included in the therapeutic complex. This form of medication is often prescribed for the following pathologies:
- Vaginal dysbiosis
- Bacterial vaginosis
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
Depending on the type of pathogen, genital infections are divided into inflammatory, fungal and venereal. Therefore, vaginal suppositories are also classified into groups, depending on the active substance:
Basically, vaginal suppositories are produced as a means with a wide spectrum of action. Therefore, the drug should be prescribed exclusively by a doctor, after a thorough examination.
Vaginal suppositories offered on the modern pharmacological market differ not only in their composition, but also in their optical form. Manufacturers produce this medicine ovoid, flat and spherical in shape. This does not affect the effectiveness, but allows you to choose the most convenient option.
Regardless of the type and form, when using vaginal suppositories, the following rules must be observed:
- Candle is introduced immediately before bedtime.
- Before use, water procedures must be taken.
- Hands wash thoroughly with detergent
- Candle opens before introduction
- In order not to stain your underwear, it is recommended to use everyday pads
- Shower in the morning
If suppositories must be used in the morning, the same scheme is observed, but after administration, lie down for 30-40 minutes. To keep the underwear clean, a sanitary pad is used.
To achieve the maximum therapeutic effect, vaginal suppositories from infections are used for 7-14 days. It is important to undergo complete treatment, since an independent reduction of its period can lead to the development of a chronic form of the current disease and significantly aggravate the general state of health.
Effective Vaginal Suppositories Against Infections
In practical medicine, gynecologists note a positive dynamics of recovery in most cases when using the following suppositories:
- Hexicon. An antiseptic that is prescribed in the presence of sexually transmitted infections and as a prophylaxis of inflammatory gynecological complications.
- Terzhinan. A comprehensive drug for the treatment of infections of various etiologies. It contains hormonal components, therefore it is used only under medical supervision.
- Genferon. Effective in the fight against fungi, trichomonads. Also with ureoplasmosis, trichomonads, genital herpes, papillomas and vaginosis. Therefore, they are used not only as a therapeutic agent, but also as prevention in unprotected intercourse. In this case, the candle is introduced no later than two hours.
- Pimafucin. Antifungal suppositories for the treatment of vulvitis, vaginitis and vulvovaginitis.
- Macmirror A multicomponent drug that allows you to treat infections caused by various pathogens. With prolonged use, the natural microflora in the vagina is not disturbed.
- Iodoxine. It has an antibacterial effect. Used in the treatment course for vaginitis. It is permissible to use the drug during menstruation.
- Betadine. It is an antiseptic. It is used to treat inflammatory processes and as a prophylactic during gynecological manipulations.
The use of gynecological suppositories is practically not accompanied by the manifestation of side effects. But only a doctor should prescribe these drugs, since many of them require the right combination with other medicines.
Self-prescribing of vaginal suppositories during the period of gestation is strictly prohibited. An inappropriate drug can not only aggravate a woman's condition, but also lead to a pathological pregnancy or to self-abortion.
Vaginal suppositories for infections: reviews
After the onset of menopause, I periodically have thrush. The doctor prescribed me candles Pimafucin. Unpleasant itching and burning pass after the first day of use. I am satisfied with the quick effect and the result of the treatment.
It so happened that I had to take antibiotics in the form of tablets for a long period. I have repeatedly read on forums that taking antimicrobials negatively affects the microflora of the vagina, which leads to the development of inflammation and fungal infections. I went to the gynecologist, and he prescribed Betadine as a prophylaxis to me. I was satisfied with the result.
For the treatment of bacterial vaginosis, I was prescribed Macmirror. These candles are relatively expensive, but I did not dare to experiment with analogues, because my condition was very worrying. I noticed the first improvements after the second day of treatment. Somewhere in the middle of the course, itching, copious discharge and odor disappeared, but the treatment passed completely. A control examination confirmed the absence of infection.
While watching the video, you will learn about candles for women.
Vaginal suppositories for infection are used to treat women of different age categories. Their effectiveness depends not only on the active substance, but also on the correct selection. Therefore, before treatment, you should undergo an examination by a gynecologist with a laboratory examination.
Medical expert articles
Vaginal suppositories for infections are drugs that are prescribed for the treatment and prevention of vaginitis. The cause of the disease can be viruses, bacteria, fungi, which are transmitted in most cases through sexual contact.
In order for the treatment result to be correct and effective, it is fundamentally important to choose the right medicine, paying attention to its chemical composition and form of release. What effect the drug will give will depend on this choice.
Vaginal suppositories are prescribed for the treatment of most types of genital infections, because this type of medication acts directly on the focus of the disease. It is also important to remember that the active components of suppositories can freely penetrate into the blood of a person, therefore it is necessary to strictly observe the indicated dosage of the drug.
Suppositories, which are used to destroy the infection of the female genital organs, must be entered as deep as possible into the vagina. It is most correct to carry out such an operation before bedtime, because the candle begins to instantly dissolve, getting inside and with movement the contents may leak out. This will not give the desired effect in the treatment.
Among the popular suppositories for the treatment of vaginal infections include Hexicon, Mikmiror, Pimafucin, Betadine, Terzhinan.
A disinfectant and disinfectant whose active ingredient is chlorhexidine.
The active substance of the drug has a pronounced and fairly rapid effect on bacteria gram-positive and gram-negative Treponema pallidum, Chlamidia spp., Ureaplasma spp., Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Gardnerella vaginalis, Bacteroides fragilis, protozoa Trichomonas vaginalis, Herpes virus viruses.
With intravaginal use, Hexicon is almost not absorbed and does not have a systemic effect.
Indications for use: for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (syphilis, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, genital herpes), for infectious and inflammatory complications in obstetrics and gynecology (before surgical treatment of gynecological diseases, before childbirth or abortion, before and after installation intrauterine device, before and after diathermocoagulation of the cervix, before intrauterine studies). Hexicon is also used to treat bacterial vaginosis, cervical erosion, colpitis.
The drug is contraindicated for use in case of individual intolerance to the active component of the drug.
The use of vaginal suppositories for infections by pregnant women is not contraindicated.
Dosage and administration: use Hexicon intravaginally. For prevention, it is effective to use one suppository of the drug no later than 2 hours after sexual contact.
For treatment, it is necessary to use 1 suppository twice a day. The period and duration of treatment depends on the course of the disease and its nature, it can last 7-10 days. In case of acute need, treatment can be extended up to 20 days.
Interactions with other drugs: Hexicon with anionic detergents (saponins, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose) and soap-containing products cannot be used. The presence of soap can deactivate chlorhexidine. Also, the use of the drug simultaneously with iodine is not recommended.
Among the adverse reactions, itching, allergic rashes, and a burning sensation at the injection site of the suppository are possible.
Store at a temperature not exceeding 25 ºС.
Shelf life 2 years.
Antimicrobial antiseptic medicine.
Indications for use: complex treatment of vulvovaginal infectious diseases caused by pathogens susceptible to the drug: microbes, trichomonads, Candida fungi.
Pharmacodynamics: the active ingredients of the drug Macmiror nifuratel and nystatin have an effective effect on the destruction of Trichomonas, bacteria and fungi. Also effective in the treatment of candidomycosis.
The combination of the active components of nifuratel and nystatin provoke active resistance to the negative effects of fungal microbes, destroy Trichomonas and bacteria. With such a connection between the two active components, there are no negative consequences. Moreover, nifuratel supplements and enhances the antimicrobial effect of nystatin and vice versa.
Pharmacokinetics: the active substances of the drug are not absorbed by the soft tissues of the body and do not cause a systemic effect.
Contraindications: personal hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
Mode of application: introduce 1 suppository before bedtime. In order to achieve the maximum effect of therapy, you need to enter a capsule into the upper part of the vagina. The duration of treatment is at least 8 days.
Among the adverse reactions, allergic skin rashes or itching are possible.
It is not recommended to use Macmirror during pregnancy, also during breastfeeding, or to stop feeding for the period of treatment.
Shelf life 3 years.
Candles after unprotected intercourse from infections used as emergency prophylaxis. Such drugs must be used within 2 hours after sexual intercourse, since their effectiveness will no longer be justified. Means with a pronounced antiseptic effect are Hexicon, Iodoxide, Betadine.
Candles for papillomavirus infection used as a local immunomodulating agent, as part of complex therapy. Such medicines include suppositories Viferon, Genferon. These drugs work well with antiviral agents and interferon inducers. Suppositories from human papillomavirus infection are used one capsule twice a day, for 10 days daily.
With mixed infections, it is possible to use vaginal suppositories Polizhinaks, Terzhinan, Mikmiror. It is necessary to apply one capsule from 7 to 10 days. The duration of treatment will depend on the duration of the disease and its severity.
Vaginal suppositories for infections are an effective local remedy in the fight against fungi, microorganisms and bacteria. They are also good prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Self-medication is not recommended. To achieve the maximum result of treatment and the correct diagnosis, you need to contact a doctor.