FLOODING - this is a significant flooding of the area as a result of a rise in the water level in a river, lake or sea during snowmelt, showers, wind surges of water, during congestion, blockages, etc. Floods caused by the wind surge of water at river mouths are of a special type. Floods lead to the destruction of bridges, roads, buildings, structures, bring significant material damage, and at high speeds of water movement (more than 4 m / s) and a high height of water rise (more than 2 m) cause the death of people and animals. The main cause of the damage is the impact on buildings and structures of hydraulic shocks of a mass of water, floating at high speed ice, various debris, boats, etc. Floods can occur suddenly and last from a few hours to 2 to 3 weeks.
How to prepare for the flood
If your area often suffers from floods, study and remember the boundaries of possible flooding, as well as elevated, rarely flooded places located in close proximity to places of residence, the shortest routes to them. Familiarize family members with the rules of conduct for organized and individual evacuation, as well as in the event of a sudden and booming flood. Remember the storage location of boats, rafts and building materials for their manufacture. Make a list of documents, property, and medicines taken during evacuation in advance. Pack valuables, necessary warm clothes, food supplies, water and medicines in a special suitcase or backpack.
How to act during a flood
At the signal of the flood hazard warning and evacuation urgently, in the prescribed manner, leave (leave) the danger zone of possible catastrophic flooding in the designated safe area or in elevated areas, taking with you documents, valuables, necessary items and a two-day supply of non-perishable food products. At the final point of evacuation, register.
Before leaving the house, turn off the electricity and gas, extinguish the fire in the heating stoves, fix all floating objects outside the buildings, or place them in the utility rooms. If time permits, transfer valuable household items to the upper floors or to the attic of an apartment building. Close windows and doors, if necessary and if you have enough time, hammer the windows and doors of the first floors from the outside with boards (boards). In the absence of an organized evacuation, before the arrival of aid or a drop in water, you are on the upper floors and roofs of buildings, on trees or other towering objects. At the same time, constantly give a distress signal: during the day - by hanging or waving a well-visible cloth, knocked out to the pole, and in the dark - by a light signal and periodically in a voice. When rescuers approach, calmly, without panic and fuss, with the observance of precautionary measures, go to a swimming facility. At the same time, strictly comply with the requirements of rescuers, do not overload the craft. During movement, do not leave the designated places, do not board the side, strictly comply with the crew's requirements. It is recommended to get out of the flooded area on your own only if there are serious reasons such as the need for medical assistance to the injured, the continued rise in water level with the threat of flooding of upper floors (attic). In this case, you must have a reliable swimming tool and know the direction of movement. During self-nomination, do not stop sending a distress signal.
Provide assistance to people swimming in the water and drowning.
First of all, you need to have at home a certain minimum of supplies. After all, a flood can erode or block roads, demolish bridges, and destroy infrastructure. As a result, the stores will stop working, or it will be impossible to reach them.
Therefore, the most important point in solving the problem of how to prepare for the flood is the availability of supplies.
First you need to stock up on regular foods. It is advisable to be stored for a long time - stew, cereals, pasta. They cost relatively little, and a small box is able to accommodate everything necessary for a family of 4-5 people to eat hearty and varied for several days.
It is also worth taking care of the water. Perhaps this is even more important than storing food. After all, certain food stocks are in every home. But most people are used to getting water from a tap or well. But in the event of a flood, water from the wells cannot be drunk (dirt can get there), and water intakes or water supply can be destroyed. Therefore, make sure that there is a supply of water at home - at least 10 liters per family member. This is enough to last five days - usually this is enough for rescuers and repairmen to solve the problem.
Finally, do not forget about cash. More and more people in our country prefer to use cards when going to the store. But when the power is cut off, the terminals will stop working. And no matter how much money is in the bank account - even buying a loaf of bread without cash will not work. So, having at least a few thousand rubles in cash will be very useful.
Do not forget about insurance
Talking about how to prepare for the flood, it is worth mentioning briefly about insurance. After all, streams of water may well damage the car or even wash, destroy the house. Hoping for good luck, a person can stay on the street, like his whole family. It is not known whether it will be possible to get help from the state, how much time will be spent on it.
So, flood insurance will never be superfluous. The annual contribution for it is relatively small - it certainly won’t hit the family budget too much. But, having such insurance, you can sleep peacefully, just knowing that in case of emergency there will be money to repair housing or even build a new one.
Take care of the four-legged pets
Everyone should know how to deal with a flood. But pets, alas, do not possess such information and are completely dependent on the owners.
If a dog or cat lives on the street or spends a lot of time there (especially in private homes), try to get them home - this can save their health and even life. Streams may well wash off a small cat or drown a dog tied near a kennel.
Flooding is a terrible blow to habitual well-being, and if grief from the death of your favorite pets is added to it, the situation will become even more difficult and sad (especially if there are children in the family). If you want to know more about flood survival, be sure to include pets on the list.
As you know, water entering electrical appliances or a cable causes a short circuit and a power outage. But it will be much worse if some wire falls into the water that flooded the house when a person is standing on the floor - a shock by current is ensured. To avoid this, at the first sign of flooding at home, be sure to turn off the power to the network - unscrew the plugs or turn off the "bag" in the electrical panel.
Alas, while some people are thinking about how to prepare for the flood, others are counting on it to "catch fish in troubled waters." Yes, there are frequent cases of looting and outright attacks on the homes of wealthy people during such situations. You should also be prepared for this. It is advisable that in such a case there is a weapon at home, as well as people who can handle it. Prepare a weapon, tell your loved ones how to use it in an emergency. There are quite common cases when a regular shot into the air frightens off the robbers, providing safety to the inhabitants of the sunken house.