A rather elderly-looking fisherman moored ashore, heavily stepped over the side of the inflatable boat, his feet numb from the long uncomfortable sitting on the ground, and said lamentedly: "That's it! I'll never sit on this inflatable rubber again!"
Frankly, these words of a friend of my fishing colleague surprised me somewhat. After all, I knew how much he wanted to get his own boat to fish, as he said, "in the open." In the end, he acquired a boat - and this is, frankly, an unexpected disappointment.
So what's the deal? Why did the first fishing from the boat so upset this fisherman?
That there was no "talk"
Much has become clear from further conversation with him. According to the interlocutor, even with the slightest breath of wind, his boat was turning very much in one direction or the other, as a result of which his fishing rods began to resemble long pendulums, which “shied” right or left. And the most unpleasant: because of this, the floats did not stand still, but twitched after the "looming" tips of the rods. So he had to grab it now for one rod, then for another, lift them and hold them when turning in the direction of the floats.
In a word, fishing was spoiled, instead of a wonderful type of rest, it turned into a continuous painful process. And all because the fisherman is inexperienced wrong anchored, which is why such a "chatter" turned out. By his own admission, he first lowered one load and immediately another. Cords from both loads went under water in an upright position. And with this anchored boat Of course, it will not be stably fixed on water. It will not only constantly turn from side to side, but also “hang out” back and forth or from right to left, especially if the wind often changes direction.
How to anchor the boat in order to avoid its swaying and "chatter"?
Briefly, we can say this: it is necessary to ensure that the front and rear cords (or ropes) with the loads are stretched tight in opposite directions. And this means that they should not go under water vertically, like that of a mountain fisherman, but at a significant angle. Only cords stretched back and forth will securely hold your boat in a fixed position.
It should be remembered that the main load on retention moored boat falls on the rear load and, accordingly, on the rear cord, especially in strong winds or currents. Therefore, the rear load should be much heavier than the front, because the front load, you can say, only fixes the boat in a given direction, while the rear load holds it in place.
And so boat anchored more reliably, the back cord should be one and a half to two times longer than the depth of the section of the reservoir where you decided to go fishing. For example, if the depth is about three meters, then the length of the back anchor cord should be at least five to six meters. The length of the front cord can be significantly less, only slightly exceeding the depth of the pond.
At mooring boats a certain sequence must be observed. Personally, I do as follows. I lower the rear load first. As soon as he touched the bottom, I gradually floated forward, simultaneously undoing the cord from the back of the load lying at the bottom. After moving away from the load at a distance twice as deep as the reservoir, lower the front load so that the cord from it was not stretched, but with significant weakness (the length of the cord should be about a meter greater than the depth of the reservoir). Now, holding the back cord, I pull it, as a result of which the boat begins to move back to the first load. And as soon as I feel that the second cord is pulled and the boat’s movement is stalled, I immediately tie the rear cord to the boat. Now you can be calm: no dangling and rocking the boat does not threaten.
If there is a need to anchor the front load more reliably (for example, in crosswinds, strong currents), it is enough to use a longer cord. However, in this case, the rear cord must first be expanded accordingly to a greater length. Then to pull it again and achieve a "balance" of the parties.
Of course, in perfect weather, when it is quiet and calm, you can simply lower the loads without any tension on the cords. But such weather conditions during fishing, you know, are extremely rare. There is no need to stretch the cords in a stretch and when fishing in shallow ponds overgrown with algae.
Including wind and current
If fishing is to be done on stagnant water, then everything is clear without further ado: the boat must be anchored so that its nose is against the wind, towards the wave. After all, fishing rods are placed on the aft part, which means that casting a hook with a nozzle in the wind will be much easier and more convenient, and the wind will be in the back. In addition, it is safer: when the wind intensifies in vast bodies of water, large waves arise, and substituting them with a board is fraught with serious consequences.
But what if you fish on the course? What is more important to consider - the direction of the wind or current? After all, it often happens like this: that the flow is directed in one direction, and the wind - against or across the flow. Here, as they say, the lesser of two evils must be chosen.
It’s bad, of course, when the wind prevents you from casting a fishing rod, blowing from the side or in the face. But even worse, if you start casting a fishing rod in the wind, and the float will carry the flow to the right or left, or even push it to the boat. In this case, the fishing line is pulled, the float begins to "dance" on the wave, is melted. In this case, bite is difficult or impossible to notice.
Therefore, there is only one way out: anchor it is nevertheless necessary along the stream. Of course, if the wind and the wave rushing aboard the boat are not so strong as to create a danger to the angler. However, I have often seen how some anglers still put the boat across the wind, even when fishing in still water. In this case, behind the leeward side of the boat, a rather quiet, without waves, section is formed, very cozy for fishing. This is most often done when there are not one, but two or three anglers in the boat. Fishing rods are placed across the sides in the direction of the wind.
With this anchoring, fishing is more convenient and free. I myself have also fished more than once in such conditions. But, I repeat, this option is permissible only if the wind force allows it. In addition, such fishing is possible only from hard boats, and for inflatable boats it is hardly appropriate.
Often it is possible to fish in shallow reservoirs, where in some places there are sites with algae protruding above the water. In these places there are almost no waves even with strong winds. And so it’s very convenient to anchor here. At a shallow depth, I repeat, it is not necessary to pull the load ropes tightly, you can freely lower the loads vertically. And underwater thickets reliably "grab" the laden load, will not allow the boat to move even with a strong wind. In addition, from here it is very convenient to throw a hook with a nozzle over the edge of the algae, where the fish most often walks.
It is worth recalling that when fishing from an anchored boat, especially at a shallow depth, it is necessary to observe silence. An accidental blow with an oar or rod against the side of the boat, as well as other extraneous sound, immediately goes to the bottom and can scare and even disperse the fish. After this, you will have to wait a lot until finally everything calms down and the fish returns to the feeding place again.
... But that friend of mine, a fisherman, nevertheless "reconciled" with his inflatable boat and is now fishing with pleasure on it. However, for the sake of this, I had to explain in detail to him how to anchor. I hope that this good advice will be useful to others, especially beginner anglers.
Simple half-bayonet - It is the simplest of non-tightening knots and is widely used in the marine industry. A simple half-bayonet serves as the final element of many nodes. The running end of the cable is enclosed around the object to which the cable must be attached, then around the root end of the cable and passed into the loop formed.
After that, the running end of the cable is fastened with a scrum to the root end. Tied in this way, the knot reliably withstands strong traction. He can move to the subject, but never drags on.
A simple half-bayonet is used to connect two cables with "alien" and "their" ends.
Simple bayonet - Two identical half-bayons make up a knot, which sailors call a simple bayonet.
The figure shows a non-tightening knot widely used in marine business - one of the simplest and most reliable knots for fastening moorings for berth bollards, bitten, guns and bollards.
To distinguish a correctly tied bayonet from a wrong bayonet, the two loops of the assembly must be brought together. If at the same time we get a knotted knot, then, then, a simple bayonet was tied correctly. At such a bayonet, its running end, both after the first and after the second pegs, should extend equally above or below its end. In an inverted, i.e., improperly tied simple bayonet (Fig. B), the running end after the second peg goes in the opposite direction, not like after the first. When two loops of an inverted knotted bayonet come together, instead of a whitened one, a cow knot is obtained. If the half-bayonets of a simple bayonet are made in different directions, then when the cable is pulled, they will converge together, and the assembly will be tightened. The main application of a simple bayonet in the fleet is the fastening of the mooring ends to the berthing devices, the fastening of the lap braces of the cargo booms for the eyes and eyebolts, the fastening of the cargo pendant to the load being lifted.
The maximum number of half-bayons in such a unit under any circumstances should not exceed three, since this is quite enough and the strength of the unit as a whole with a larger number of half-bayons will not increase.
Sailors often use two simple bayonets to temporarily connect two moorings, cable and hawsers.
On the shore, this unit can be used in all cases when the cable needs to be temporarily attached to an object for strong traction, for example, by a hook when towing a car.