Juggling is the oldest form of art that previously belonged to the category of combat skills. With his help, a warrior could frighten the enemy with the ability to manipulate his weapon in the air, which often ended the conflict that had not yet flared up.
A little later, when this skill fell out of favor with citizens, it flowed into one of the types of circus art, thanks to Philip Asley, who opened his amphitheater. Then the popularity of juggling increased again, and the technique of its execution began to improve actively, as a result of which several classifications appeared.
Contact juggling got its name due to the method of manipulating objects. Unlike the classical way of performing a trick, this technique involves rolling objects around the body and close contact with the shoulder girdle and the hands of the juggler.
Some people call this type of art magic, since it often strikes the imagination of a simple viewer with the harmony of plasticity and artist’s dexterity. In fact, the performer’s movements resemble an elegant dance that creates the illusion of unity of the juggler’s body with an acrylic sphere acting as an inventory (many believe that his role is a glass ball, but it’s too fragile for this purpose).
Now there are several types of contact juggling:
- Bodyroall - skating several balls on the shoulder girdle, arms and head. Sometimes, with sufficient flexibility of the performer, other parts of the body may be involved in the process, but this phenomenon is quite rare.
- Isolation - the creation of the illusion of the stillness of the ball due to its monophonic shade. It seems that the acrylic sphere stands still or soars, while the artist moves around it. It is the most common technique for beginners to master contact juggling.
- Multibol - rotation in the palms of up to eight balls in order to form various shapes and compositions from them. Requires a special hand warm-up that improves motor skills and flexibility of the fingers.
Many artists, when performing, also use some types of modern dance to give entertainment and completeness to their actions.
How to choose a ball for contact juggling
The right choice of ball for a beginner juggler is fundamental to the success of further training. Everything matters: texture, color and size of the sphere.
The diameter of the ball is selected depending on the length of the palm and the constitution of the performer. After all, a 10-centimeter sphere weighing 650 grams can be a problem for a fragile girl. To pick up the inventory, you need to measure the palm from the tip of the middle finger to the fold of the wrist.
If this segment reaches 21 cm, then the optimal size of the ball is 7.5 cm, with a smaller value, for example, 16 cm, the acceptable size of the sphere will also be reduced to 6.5 cm. The weight of the inventory is also very important at first, because It should be taken into account, since it will be difficult for a novice juggler to demonstrate tricks with an object that he is barely able to hold in his hands.
It should also be remembered that the glass ball is categorically not suitable for training or for the performances of experienced artists. This material is extremely fragile and its alignment is much worse, therefore, such a sphere is very easy to damage, in addition to working out the technique with its help will be even more difficult. The ball can only be made of unbreakable materials such as acrylic, rubber or silicone. The latter are used for training stageballs, less heavy and noisy when falling.
And the last: balls for contact juggling have a wide color palette. In addition, they are fluorescent, interspersed with sparkles, matte and glossy. However, if inventory is required to perform tricks such as insulation, a transparent or solid glossy ball is best. Its external qualities are capable of producing a visual illusion of immobility, in contrast to two-tone and foreignly interspersed spheres.
Contact juggling is not the most difficult type of circus art, however, to achieve better results, it is worth listening to a couple of tips:
- At first, it is better to train over the bed or on soft surfaces to reduce the time it takes to find the ball and avoid annoying noise when falling.
- When juggling, use the whole hand. When working its individual parts, avoiding mistakes is much more difficult.
- Holding the ball is required in a lightproof material, since the acrylic sphere is a powerful lens that can cause a fire.
How to learn contact juggling
To learn this juggling technique, it will take some time to train the hands, in particular the palms, since a lot depends on their flexibility. For this, the complex of exercises called finger fitness is the best fit. It is in the public domain on many sites and video hosting networks.
Next, beginners to master contact juggling will learn the simplest tricks - isolation and a butterfly (rolling the ball from the back to the inside of the palm of the hand), and after that you can move on to bodyradol.
For six months of constant training, you can master this juggling technique quite well.
People began to juggle a very long time ago, the oldest documented evidence of this is Egyptian wall paintings dating from 1994-1781 BC.
The Chinese warriors, mentioned in works written in 770–476 BC, before the battle showed the enemy their art of juggling with weapons, and often the conflict ended before they even started. For example, the Lan Zi warrior from the Song Kingdom was able to handle seven swords at the same time. In Europe, juggling was considered an acceptable occupation before the sunset of the Roman Empire, and fell into disgrace in the Middle Ages. Juggling was considered immoral behavior or even witchcraft. In 1768, Philip Asley opened the first circus, in the modern sense of the word. From that moment on, jugglers got a job and became firmly associated with the circus. Since the mid-nineteenth century, jugglers have been especially in demand in small theaters and variety shows to fill in pauses during the scenery. They juggled standing in front of the curtain.
In the mid-1950s, juggling became a hobby for many people.
International Juggler`s Day is celebrated every year on April 18th.
World Juggler’s Day is celebrated every year on Saturday closest to June 17 (the third Saturday of June).
At the end of the twentieth - the beginning of the twenty-first centuries there was an explosion of the popularity of juggling - it ceased to be only circus art. Ordinary people began to juggle for pleasure, gather in juggling clubs, arrange competitions. Currently, there are several thousand juggling clubs. And such organizations as the International Association of Jugglers, the World Federation of Juggling and the Federation of Sports Juggling of Russia annually organize competitions and conventions in many countries of the world.
Sports juggling develops agility and endurance, favorably affects the nervous system, stimulates the creative process, develops fine and large hand motor skills, improves posture and vision, reaction, coordination of movements, endurance, lateral vision, speed, and the ability to guess the trajectory of moving objects.
When practicing juggling due to the activation of the interaction of both hemispheres of the brain, the neural network of the brain begins to develop. In turn, its development activates the area of the brain responsible for memory. All this helps: remembering a huge amount of necessary information, ultrafast reading and learning foreign languages and other subjects.
For a long time, it was believed that in an adult, brain cells do not grow, but, on the contrary, only disappear due to diseases and the natural aging process. In 2004, a group of scientists from the universities of Jena and Regensburg proved that when learning to juggle in adults, brain mass increases by about 3%. The following experiment was conducted under the supervision of a neurologist from the University of Regensburg ArneMay: adults for three months juggled with three balls every day for at least one minute. The subjects were examined three times on the brain using a tomograph: before training, after three months of juggling, and after three months without training. After three months of training, the novice jugglers noticeably increased two areas of the brain responsible for the visual perception of moving objects. Three months later, without training, these areas again decreased to their original state. The same brain studies were performed in the control group, which did not engage in juggling. There were no changes.
- Classic juggling
In this type of juggling, balls (clubs, rings, and other objects) are generally thrown into the air. Such juggling can be quantitative when the juggler works with a different number of objects in the air (three, four, five, seven, etc.), while the more the better, or the trick when the juggler tries to make as many different combinations of juggler as possible tricks with the same number of items. The main tricks in classic juggling are cascading and circle juggling.
In this type of juggling, two or more jugglers throw or transfer objects to each other in a certain sequence.
Such juggling is the throwing of bouncing balls into the floor. Here, like classic juggling, you can work with a different number of balls and do a variety of tricks.
In contact juggling, balls (clubs) roll over the body. Most of the time the ball is in contact with the body of the juggler. Such juggling can be divided into two main areas - this is body-rolling and multibol. In body-rolling, a juggler rolls a ball all over his body. The most working areas are the arms, shoulders, head and neck. A multi-ball is a rolling of several balls in the hands of a juggler.
Flaring is juggling bottles and glasses when making cocktails in the work of a bartender. Translated from English “flaire” - flying and “ring” - circle. Flaring is divided into two directions: working flaring - bar equipment is used, and show-flaring - free style. In 2003, in Seville, at the competition of the International Association of Bartenders, the Moscow bartender Alexander Rodoman won 1st place in this category, ahead of the best American, English and Italian bartenders.
Kendama (from Japanese: “ken” - “pin”, “tama” - “ball”) is a Japanese game consisting of a handle, such as a hammer, two cup-holes and a ball with a hole tied with a rope to the hammer. The essence of the game is to juggle with a ball, transferring from hole to hole and string on a pin. There are 30,000 combinations with kendama. Kendama tournaments are held all over the world, including Russia. In Japan, employers are very responsible for such competitions. That is how they consider that a person who plays kendama well is patient and resistant, and this is very important for a Japanese worker.
Yo-yo consists of two identical discs connected by an axis to which the rope is attached. When throwing, the rope is unwound, and the yoyo returns to the player, due to which various manipulations can be performed. In addition to the classic "looping" with frequent throws, you can perform elements from the "slip" series - when the yo-yo rotates at the end of an unwound rope.
Diabolo looks like yo-yo, only differs in structure and is much larger in size, and the rope is fixed on it with chopsticks. The juggler, having unwound the diabolo as much as possible, catches it on a thread, forcing the diabolo to slide on it.
The Volleyclub game is a team sport and a discipline in sports juggling. It combines volleyball and juggling with clubs, here instead of a ball, a mace is thrown over the net. In addition to the general club, each player has his own two. According to the rules, in order to catch a common mace, the player throws one of his own and begins to juggle with three maces - two of his own and one common. Next, the general mace, give in pass or through the net, holding two of their hands. Only the player who holds the game mace is juggling. As in volleyball, you can touch the game club no more than three times, after which it must be thrown over the net.
Power juggling - juggling with weights, also applies to sports disciplines. You can juggle with one or two weights of different weights - 16, 24 or 32 kg, alone or with a partner, with eyes open or closed. Very popular in Russia.
The game Combat Juggling is a collective game and discipline of sports juggling. Each player has three maces, but his task is to juggle in such a way as to find the right moment and knock out the opponent's mace. Players move around the field, trying to get as close to the enemy as possible and, without dropping their clubs, knock out at least one of the opponent's clubs with their clubs so that they fall onto the field. You can’t intentionally touch the enemy The winner of the game is the one who last stayed on the field juggling with three maces and not necessarily his own.
Joggling is juggling objects on the run. The combination of the words "juggling" (juggling) and "jogging" (jogging) forms the word "joggling" (joggling). The first to try jogging was American Bill Gidaz in 1979. The first record in this area belongs to Owen Morse. In 1988, juggling with five objects, the Briton ran 100 m in 13.8 seconds. The record with the maximum possible number of items on the run belongs to the Russian athlete Oleg Yakimuk, who in 1990 juggling 7 (seven) objects ran 100 meters in 45.3 seconds. The record for the maximum distance belongs to Peri Romanovsky, who in 2007, juggling with three objects, ran a 50-mile ultra marathon. in 8 hours 23 minutes 52 seconds.
Poi are a pair of balls or wicks on ropes or chains that rotate, taking the other end of the rope. Poisters use brightly colored or burning poi. This makes it possible to create beautiful geometric shapes and patterns in the air. Very popular all over the world and in Russia. Elements and combinations with singing are mainly used in fire shows.