I am pleased to present you an improved and augmented manual on how to learn to draw . I hope that he will cover most of the questions that I am regularly asked in the VKontakte group. For example, such as:
- where should I start learning to draw if I never painted?
- how can i learn to draw people?
- how to learn how to draw on a computer?
- What drawing books are worth exploring?
- How can I learn to paint with acrylic, oil, pastel, other materials?
I collected the most useful tips from artists from the site www.quora.com, and it turned out great walkthroughthanks to which no one can hide behind excuses like “I don’t know where to start, I can’t do it, I’m mediocre, etc.”, believe me,
you will finally find outhow to learn to drawb!
Just follow this manual step by step and devote enough time to practice, and you can comefrom this drawing level
Drawing - This is a skill that develops with practice. You are not alone when you think you are terrible in drawing! All great artists began by drawing stick figures like this:
The reason they went further from these so-called " stick figures » to something much bigger, is that they had insatiable desire to draw better and better with each new touch of the pencil on the paper. This desire separated them from the rest, and this is the only reason why they became successful.
First of all, the fact that you decided to devote your time to improving drawing skills is already a great achievement. Why do you ask? This is really important, because in art and creativity there must be passion, interest, curiosity and dedication, without which the learning process will not be so effective.
So in your case, the biggest obstacle is already behind, and you can start drawing, observing the things around you! That's how simple it is!
The next steps that I am going to suggest should help you gain the desired drawing skills, and also show you the path that you have to go through for the desire to become an artist.
But before blindly following the path below, always remember that you are free to choose your own unique path - the path that is right for you. The real challenge is to practice regularly with the intention of learning, so it doesn’t matter where you start your path in drawing.
note that each step mentioned below may take weeks, months or even yearsto achieve perfection in it. It all depends on how much you really want to improve your skills and how much effort you are willing to make.
For each step below, there are many materials available on the Internet, including YouTube. I recommend checking out different sources, exploring different styles, and practicing the style that suits you best.
Step 2. Shadows and shadows
Now that you know how to draw simple shapes perfectly, let's start shading these shapes.
I will continue by the example of a circle.
So your first attempt to shadow the circleWithout understanding how to do it correctly, it would look something like this:
Please note that despite the fact that your image was not too realistic, you already subconsciously knew about an imaginary light source and placed it in the upper left corner and, given this source, you drew a shadow on the opposite side in the lower right corner.
That is, in order to obscure objects you need common sense and nothing more.
Now continue to practice shading. This may take several months before you get something like this:
Now this circle looks like a volume sphere.
Next, you need to show that the sphere does not hang in the air, but is on some surface, and you will begin to depict the shadows that the object casts on other surfaces. In this case, the drawing should already look something like this:
Always remember one simple rule that was demonstrated in the figure below:
Also, continue to practice the shading of the other forms that you have learned.
During practice, pay attention to how shades vary depending on the presence of light. Look at the tonal scale with shading from light to dark below. You can focus on it when you draw a figure.
Keep practicing. This is an endless process!
Step 3. Perspective
Before moving on, let me say a few words about perspective.
The basic law of perspective is: when the object is closer, it looks larger and if you need to show it further, you will need to draw less. If you understand this, you understand the basic law of perspective.
Now let's deal with the so-called vanishing point.
I will explain this concept using the example of a cube.
When we draw a cube, why is the length and width of this cube tapering to its end or tilted into the paper? Take a look at this image below for reference and ask yourself why this is happening.
As you can see, the ribs narrow both to the right and to the left, as if they were going inside the sheet of paper. This is precisely what creates the cube of the “3D” illusion on two-dimensional paper. And this is possible, based on the foundations of building a perspective and such a thing as vanishing point.
Now consider the same cube again.
In the cube, we took the vanishing point somewhere far from our eyes to the right and left of the cube. That's why the sides narrowed to the inside of the paper on the right and left. The figure below clearly shows how the edges of the cube, if extended, converge at one point on both sides. These two points are called vanishing points:
Now look at the green dot in the following cube image:
This green dot is also vanishing point .
Imagine what a cube would look like without this vanishing point concept. It will be more like a square in 2-D. When we draw a cube, we should always remember the vanishing point, since it is precisely it that gives us the opportunity to depict a three-dimensional figure.
So, I hope that the concept of the vanishing point has become more clear to you, since for any good drawing that is drawn taking into account the space and distance between each object, the concept of the vanishing point should be respected by default.
Here are a few more examples of the vanishing point concept, for your understanding.
- Top view (or bird's-eye view):
- Linear perspective (landscape):
- View with many vanishing points (any real plot):
Thus, as depicted in the third example, there are usually several vanishing points in real scenes, and these points give the picture the desired depth or 3-D effect, and a sense of space that separates it from 2-D.
Too complicated? Just don't panic now, okay? At this stage, it is enough to understand the concept of vanishing point. Just try to show the vanishing point in your drawings without any drawings or measurements.
This "step 3" was only a prerequisite for studying the laws of perspective, just so that you know about its importance in drawing. There are several step-by-step lessons on building perspectives in Mark Kistler’s course “Learning to Draw in 30 Days”, you can start with them.
Step 4. Draw complex shapes
Now, using your confidence in drawing and shading simple shapes, as well as knowledge of the shadow effect and vanishing point, proceed to the next level, that is, to draw various complex shapes.
The rules of the game remain the same:
- Keep practicing.
- Observe the nuances.
- Every time try to surpass yourself and not repeat the previous mistakes.
So, for starters, how about an egg? It’s not so different from the circle, right?
Let's just get started. Practice until you reach perfection!
Well, that looks like an egg. Now try different fruits. For example, strawberries.
Fine! This is a really good strawberry. And look at this detail. The strawberries in the last picture look complicated enough to draw, but we already have experience in shading from “step 3”. This is the same, only at the micro level. Believe in yourself and everything will turn out!
The same way, keep drawing different random shapes with shading. Put the shadows on these patterns, taking into account effects such as reflection, refraction, transparency, etc. And just keep practicing.
Around there are many different items. Learn to draw what you see. This is one of the most important steps to becoming a professional artist. Do not worry if at first you will not do very well. Sometimes, when you start drawing what you see, the beginning of the sketch may look pretty terrible, but the result can be amazing. So start doing it!
Try drawing two random objects per day. The drawing should be solid: drawing + shading + falling shadow + any other special effect.
Something like the one below:
Every day, just repeat this process. You are on the right track!
Step 5. Draw living things
Since we now know how to draw and shade various objects with relative accuracy, it's time to draw moving objects and living organisms. Now you need to include in the drawing the movement of objects, their pose and facial expressions, this is a real challenge!
The most important advice is to keep your eyes and mind wide open. You have to watch everything around.
So observe all the nuances - walking people, flying birds, dog poses, etc. And, when possible, create a quick sketch this particular position, movement, expression, etc. And work on the details later in your free time.
You should get something like this:
This is a quick sketch that runs in minutes. Select a park or cafe and just sketch the people you come across. In this case, the main thing is not quality, but quantity. You need to see and convey the pose of the object.
Learn the anatomy. Yes, the anatomy is the same as in the biology class. It is necessary to study the bones of the skeleton and the location of the muscles. It may seem strange and creepy, but on the other hand, it means that you can draw a skeleton and skull for Halloween decorations 🙂 It will also help in studying human proportions and body movements. The same goes for animals - read books on animal anatomy. Almost all animal art fiction books will have an anatomy section.
Try to start with my article:
Then try to quickly draw some different facial expressions:
Observe and memorize facial line differences. Later, keep adding shadows and make them look even more realistic, like here:
Do the same with trees, flowers, animals, birds, etc.
Now that you already know quite a lot, using your acquired skills you can draw something like this:
Perseverance, difficulty and pain will then lead you here:
And in the case of people (a little better or worse):
And now it's time to pause and look at the image below, at this beautiful woman. She really looks very pretty, doesn't she?
And if you ask yourself, can you be sure enough to draw her as beautiful as she is? Most likely, the answer will be a big "No", right? If so, then you still have a lot to strive for!
Thus, your drawing is still in its infancy, and there are many opportunities for improvement. For example, you will have to work on detailing the human eye and its movement, human hair, their shine, etc. I think you understand what I'm trying to say, right?
So, basically, at this stage you have to surround yourself with these difficulties all the time in order to move forward, and not get stuck at an average level. No one will help you with this, but yourself!
Step 6. Trying different tools and materials.
It is very good if you can draw with a pencil, but it will be much more interesting and useful if you also learn to use ink, paints, markers, pastels, etc. You should try different materials., if only because you may encounter something that you especially like. Add colors to your sketches!
Of course, art products are not cheap right now, so do not immediately take professional materials, what if you don’t like them and want something else? For starters, there will be enough tools from the middle price category. Now a very large selection of inexpensive art materials can be found on AliExpress.
Do not use trendy art boards or moleskines. Buy a large notebook or album with white sheets. Your goal is to make as many as possible and quicker drafts without worrying about wasting expensive paper.
Also, if you decide to try yourself in digital-art, it is not necessary to immediately take up a licensed Photoshop, when you can start with free editors, for example MyPaint, SAI, GIMP.
Posted by: TsaoShin
Step 7. Landscapes
Now put it all together. You must start painting landscapes with people, plants, and lots of animals. In this step you will have a great opportunity to train your knowledge. laws of perspective.
To get started, you can try to draw panoramas, for example a view from your window. Try painting landscapes more “rough” first, like this:
After that, already detail the objects.
After long workouts, your drawings will become something like this:
Step 8. Draw from the imagination
Start with something simple, like an apple. Just move your pencil on paper, only imagining that you are drawing an apple before you draw it. Then make a quick preliminary sketch to get its shape and the shape of its shadow in proportion to the page. Then start shading and detailing.
After that, try to draw something more complicated, for example, flowers, trees, a glass, pen, etc. Each time, try to choose objects more difficult. In this step, I can no longer give any recommendations other than practice regularly.
Step 9. Form your style
Now you know everything. At least enough to start developing your own artistic style. Your style must be unique.and you must continue to develop it with enhanced practice.
Please note that I can’t add anything else to this step because I don’t know what your own unique style will be. I can only recommend an article by Marina Trushnikova on how to find your artistic style.
The web is full of materials to help you with inspiration and ideas, such as Pinterest, Instagram, Tumblr, YouTube. I recommend checking these sources regularly, learning different styles and practicing the style that suits you best.
Step 10. Improving Yourself
This step is about improving to a level where your drawing will be indistinguishable from a photograph or a real image. Of course, it is optional. But if you still If you want to bring your skills to drawing in the style of hyperrealism, it will also require a lot of practice.
Although the drawings, which cannot be distinguished from photography, are signs of the amazing skill of the authors who have put a lot of effort, there are equal examples of amazing works that not similar to the pictures. Therefore, you should also keep this in mind.
Here is an example of a hyper-realistic drawing:
Sensazioni by Diego Coy
Step 11. Practice, practice, practice.
Artistic skills do not come with fancy sketches and pencils. This happens with practice.It is believed that in order to become a professional in your field, you need to devote a certain amount of time to it - from 2000 to 10000 hours!
Every time, when you have free time, sit down and draw something, or train your hatching, tone, etc. There are so many things that you need to master - you always need to practice. Draw light and complex objects. Draw people in details or rough lines. Master everything as you can, constantly improve your skills.
Moreover, it is desirable that the practice be accompanied by feedback. It is only imperative that these viewers tell you the truth, so dad and mom are not suitable for this role. As an option, you can upload your work in some kind of art community or forum. Such a place can serve as our Vkontakte page.
There you can share your work, view the work of others, receive tips and additional motivation.